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During most Codeship builds, your build machine needs to access or communicate with some resource that requires some kind of credential. There are two main ways to pass in secrets to the Docker containers where your build steps run:
Codeship supports encrypted and unencrypted versions of both. Depending on how and when the secret is used, either build arguments or environment variables may be a better choice - and you might often need both.
|Type||Image build time||Container runtime|
|Env vars in Dockerfile||✓||✓|
|Env vars in codeship-services.yml||✓|
It’s important to note that build time means the secret is available in the context of the Dockerfile, or the building of the image - whereas runtime means the secret is available only after the image has been built, when running commands from your
Typically, the need for passing secrets to the build falls into three main categories:
Note: Docker advises against using build arguments to pass in any sort of secrets to your images, as they can be seen when inspecting the image layers. This is great advice for production environments, but during CI/CD with Codeship all your builds run in a single-tenant environment, and no other user or machine has access to your build machine. Your machine (and everything on it!) is also destroyed after each build, never being reused. Because of this, it is advised to use build arguments necessary for the CI/CD process on Codeship while being sure not to deploy images to production that use them in the same way.
You can store login credentials for your Docker image registry by using an encrypted credentials file. That file is declared in the service with the
encrypted_dockercfg_path key or being using a
With those credentials, you’ll be able to pull private base images to use in your own Docker images, pull images from a private registry, and push your images to a private registry. Read the tutorial on pulling private images to get started.
In some cases, you might need to access an asset or resource that requires authentication during the Docker image build process. A few examples include private dependencies or any asset with a dynamic external path that may change from build to build.
When these private assets need to be accessed at buildtime, to successfully build your images, you should use a build argument. You can think of build args as environment variables that are only available when the image is in the process of being built, or as keys you provide only during the setup phase.
Build arguments can be passed to the image via your
codeship-services.yml file either encrypted or unencrypted. You can learn how to set up build arguments here)
For any secret that needs to be accessed during container runtime, meaning after your containers have built when you are running commands via your
codeship-steps.yml file, then you should use encrypted environment variables.
You can learn more about using encrypted environment variables in this article. You’ll need to download Jet, the CLI for running Codeship Pro builds locally, as well as grab your project’s AES key from the Project Settings page.
We also have a couple of code examples and sample projects available, that make it easier to get started with Codeship.